To realize sustainable access to WASH services for all, we contribute to a shift from a hardware-construction approach towards a WASH sector development approach. This approach we believe, will not only sustain results after our projects stop, but will also accelerate to meet the needs of a growing population.
Our work is always focused on achieving sustainable results with special attention on community involvement and active participation in every step. In order to realize these goals, we have developed the FIETS sustainability principles: financial, institutional, environmental, technological and social sustainability. Special attention within our sustainability approach is given to the recognition of the inter-dependencies between water, energy, food security and climate change.
Our work is built up in the following thematic areas:

advocacy and lobbying

Advocacy and Lobbying

Our advocacy and lobbying work entails:

  • Assisting the national government and County governments in the formulation of policies to provide frameworks for project implementation.
  • Strengthening of the WASH related government structures through capacity building so that they are able to ably deliver their mandate.
  • WASH budget tracking to ensure that there is increased WASH financing in the national and County governments’ budgets.
  • Empowering the citizens to demand for services from the relevant bodies through the Human Rights Based Approach (HRBA) while also demanding for transparency and accountability.
  • WASH Alliance Kenya spearheaded formation of Kajiado County Stakeholders Forum. The forum is instrumental in articulating WASH issues in the county.

  • Water budget in Kajiado County increased from 7% in 2013 to 8% in 2015. The health budget increased from 15% in 2013 to 23% in 2015.

  • There has been increased awareness by the community members, of their rights to water and sanitation, hence are able to demand for them.


We focus on rural water supply through rain water harvesting that includes sand dam construction, rock catchment construction, spring protection, earth dams and roof rain water harvesting in schools and homesteads.
Our focus on rainwater harvesting is:

  • Implementing small-scale rainwater harvesting projects.
  • Building the capacity of local organizations.
  • Sharing and exchanging knowledge on rainwater harvesting.
  • Lobbying and promoting rainwater harvesting.
  • From 2011, WASH Alliance Kenya, has reached 12,000 community members with improved water access. According to WHO, a person is supposed to have 15L of water everyday. Through WASH Alliance Kenya’s interventions in Kajiado, each community member is able to access 13L of water daily


Sanitation & Hygiene

We promote the Community-Led Total sanitation approach, which is a non-subsidy approach focused on creating demand for sanitation in a community, in our rural sanitation projects while also promoting the Urban Led Total Sanitation in approach in our urban sanitation projects which involves working to improve systems for fecal sludge management across the sanitation chain, in ways which recognize and improve the work of existing informal pit emptiers while also using participatory market systems approaches on particular waste streams (plastics, paper, organic waste) to find leverage points to ensure greater value flows to people lower down the value chain.

We also work to ensure that the particular needs of the poor and vulnerable are recognized within WASH policies and programmes.

We also work around menstrual hygiene management with the aim of breaking the taboo around menstruation nationally while also ensuring change in policies.


  • Within the last five years, WASH Alliance Kenya has enabled 24,000 people gain access to improved sanitation facilities.

School Wash

School Wash

Using children WASH approaches, our focus on school WASH includes:

  • Supporting provision of clean drinking water through pipeline extensions, and roof rain water harvesting.
  • Capacity building of school teachers on the concept of school WASH and formation of WASH/ Health Clubs.
  • Capacity building of School Management Committees on School WASH concept.
  • Capacity building and training of school going children on appropriate sanitation and hygiene practices to foster behavior change communication.
  • Supporting constructing gender friendly sanitary facilities in schools to help in achieving the student-toilet ratio of 1:25 among girls and 1:30 among boys.


  • 77% of the pupils in our targeted schools have so far reported to have received training on WASH and/or Health in school. The areas they reported to have mainly been trained on were, hand washing, environmental care and latrine maintenance and personal hygiene.

  • 12 Since 2011, there has been 38% on the number of pupils that have access to improved water sources

  • There has been 97% increase in the pupils who have access to drinking water from improved sources, while a 100% increase in the number of pupils who have access to improved sanitation facilities.


WASH Financing

We provide credit facility in collaboration with local financial institutions. The facility supports financing of WASH investments at household, community and small and medium enterprises (SMEs) involved in WASH activities.
The features of the loan are:

  • Open for uptake by both groups and individuals to fund start-ups and already existing WASH related small and medium enterprises.
  • Interest rate: 7.5% flat rate per annum i.e. for KES. 100,000 credit, an interest rate of KES. 7500 will be paid.

In the facility application, a 70/30 allocation is applied whereby 70% of the amount is used for WASH interventions and/or 30% for an income generating activity to give the clients a source for the servicing of the credit facility.
To qualify for a loan, one must;

  1. Hold an account with a local bank.
  2. Save 20% of the amount one wants as loan i.e. for KES.100,000 credit, KES.20,000 has to be saved.

Security: It’s needed for individual credit facilities but not for groups, group members guarantee each other.

Charges: A onetime 3%, deducted from the savings, is incurred to facilitate the processing of the facility.

  • Empowered communities/entrepreneurs are able to mobilize their resources and invest in WASH. The communities are able use their own resource like livestock to invest in WASH interventions.

  • Through innovations like mobile banking which we explored with the bank in Mashuuru and Oloomunyi areas, vulnerable communities are able to be bankable; with favourable condition like continuous business mentorship and regular close monitoring by the bank. Thus this helped communities to safe time and money which would have been lost when accessing the bank at Kajiado town about 80 kilometres away from these areas.

  • WASH financing has empowered women and given them a source of livelihood through water and hygiene projects. Having an income generating activity has enabled the women to repay the loans in good time and given them surplus money for them to cater for household needs and make savings

  • Community structure supported to empower communities to have voice to lobby for service delivery and resource allocation. The women were also actively involved in decision making and leadership.

  • Developed strategic ward WASH plans provided a platform for communities to prioritize their needs and also lobby for resource allocation from county government of Kajiado

All the thematic areas that WASH focuses on, are geared towards achieving the following goals


  • Developing a functioning and enabling WASH market, in which businesses provide quality WASH products and services and financial institutions facilitate access to finance for both businesses and consumers.
  • Developing an enabling public sector for WASH, in which the government creates a supportive policy and regulatory environment for sustainable WASH services and allocates sufficient budget for WASH.
  • Empowering, informing and organizing citizens for sustainable WASH. These citizens will demand and pay for sustainable WASH services, practice healthy behavior and hold the government accountable for delivering quality WASH services.